5 Ways to Keep Identity Thieves Guessing
Identity theft continues to be more than just a costly headache. Once the bad guys have your identity information they can make repeated attempts to try to access your accounts, apply for credit in your name, and even steal your tax refund. This month we’re going to dig into some lesser-known, proactive steps you can take in the new year to protect yourself from becoming the target of identity fraud.
January is always a good time to review your passwords and online security measures. Last year saw a marked increase in identity theft, often through pandemic relief checks and unemployment benefits, so it’s an especially good idea to start 2022 with a renewed security presence. Below, we list five ways you can strengthen your identity’s security. Read on and then complete the checklist at the end to make sure you are starting the year off securely.
1. Use fake answers for your security questions
One simple way to add a layer of protection to your accounts is to choose wrong or nonsense answers to security questions. If at age 16, you drove a green SUV, the security answer to “What was your first car?” might be “big avocado” rather than “green Ford Explorer.” The idea is to choose an answer that only has meaning to you and cannot be easily guessed. Real answers to your security questions may have been published in the past if you have ever participated in social media quizzes, polls, and challenges. Avoid using your real information, especially information typically found in security questions, like your mother’s maiden name or the name of the street you grew up on, in any situation, no matter how seemingly harmless is may seem. A moment of fun could lead to many lost hours spent repairing damage to your identity.
2. Opt-in for multi-factor authentication
When available, enable multi-factor authentication (“MFA”) to your online accounts. MFA is a type of authentication that adds two or more layers of security beyond a password. If only two factors are used, it is sometimes referred to as two-factor authentication or (2FA). While passwords should always be difficult to guess, and you can work to protect the answers to your security questions, adding another step to the login process decreases the chance that a hacker can gain access to your accounts. MFA typically works by sending a verification code by SMS text, by email, or by voice to a phone number listed on your profile. You must enter the provided code before being allowed to complete the login process. MFA should always be added when available. To know whether your account provider offers MFA, you may need to investigate your online options or give the company a call to ask, as it is not always offered proactively. Or you can check out this unofficial registry of companies offering multi-factor authentication. Also keep in mind that adding this security step to your login process may prevent a bad guy from locking you out of your own account if they were to gain access by your password, and then adding their own own email and mobile number as the verification contacts. It can be incredibly difficult to regain control of your account after it has been hacked, so be sure to add this feature as soon as possible.
3. File your taxes early
As this IRS Taxpayer Guide to Identity Theft website states, “tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your stolen personal information, including your Social Security number, to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund“. One simple way to avoid scammers getting ahold of your tax refund is to file before they do! Surprisingly, this type of fraud affects an estimated hundreds of thousands of Americans every year. Often, the scam isn’t uncovered until an individual tries to file their own return and their refund is rejected because it has already been claimed. While many filers don’t begin to think about completing taxes until closer to the annual deadline (this year its Monday, April 18th), the first day to file your 2021 return is Monday, January 24th. Get everything in order now, file early, and you can both mark the chore off your list and avoid leaving your refund out there for someone else to claim.
4. Be smart, be private on social media
Two ways people put themselves at risk on social media are by disclosing their location and engaging with strangers. It’s incredibly rare to truly need to share your location with a large group of friends and followers, yet location sharing is often an app’s default setting. Some social media platforms keep location sharing on all of the time in the background, so you can always see another user’s location. This allows ill-meaning individuals to access your home and work address, your travel routines, when you might be out of town, and your favorite vacation destination. Mobile location settings are often lifesavers when navigating in a new city or avoiding traffic jams, but allowing the social media universe know where you are at all times is never necessary and can be detrimental to the security of both your identity and your possessions. And while most people know not to share too much with those you meet online, there are still thousands of cases a year of people losing their money or identity information to a romantic interest or a new friend who wasn’t who they claimed to be. Remember that it is easy to lie on social media, so keep your personal information private if you make connections online.
5. Routinely check your “in-app” privacy settings
Every once in a while, posts, articles or notifications will remind us to review our privacy information, and for a time after doing a reassessment, our settings will remain locked down. However, sharing a public post from a business (to qualify for a prize, for instance), can reset your privacy preferences for future posts. Creating an intentionally public post, like when you have an item to sell or need to find a missing pet, can also change privacy settings on a future update that you intend to be more personal. On a regular basis, make it a point to check your privacy settings in the apps where you are active, and take an extra second to check each social post before publishing to ensure that it is reaching only who you intend. Consider culling your friends list to those in your inner circle, or set most of your updates to only reach a select number of friends and family. Games and shopping apps are often checking your background in the same way to show you more relevant and personal ads. Locking down what you are sharing will help you protect your information, while also using the internet to stay connected with friends and family in the way that you intend.
Add an annual task to your calendar to check in on these security measures, and get started now. Also verify that your account passwords aren’t re-used or easy to guess (especially on banking, mortgage, and investment accounts).
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